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Showing posts tagged with: lighthouse instruments

Freeze dried cakes: Where is the water?

by biopharma-admin in App notes & Scientific posters, Intelligent Freeze Drying

Water may be present in a variety of "forms" - free, adsorbed, chmically bound, hydration shells (e.g. of proteins), water of crystallisation, not all of which may be directly linked to the activity or stability of the product in question. The current established water detection methods, Karl Fis...Read more

Non-destructive moisture analysis

by biopharma-admin in Uncategorized

January 2014 Moisture analysis is one of the most important and basic tests to prove successful freeze drying. There are a variety of moisture analysis methods available, but the majority are slow and destroy the sample, so it’s not feasible to test large numbers of sample for complete batch val...Read more